The 1870s saw increasing dissent in the Balkans against Ottoman rule. Meanwhile, Russia had taken advantage of the disruption caused ...
Aftermath of the Russo-Turkish War
The Russian victory over Turkey alarmed the other Great Powers. At the Congress of Berlin, they overruled San Stefano. Russian ...
German attempts to keep France isolated by maintaining alliances with the other powers of Europe began to unravel in the ...
In October 1908, a new round in the dismantling of the Ottoman Empire began when Bulgaria declared independence and Austria-Hungary ...
First Balkan War
Seeing how weak the Ottoman Turks were in their fight against Italy, an alliance of Balkan states launched an invasion ...
Southern Asia 1913
By now the British dominated the Persian Gulf and the southern Arabian peninsula. To secure its gains in these regions ...
Second Balkan War
Bulgaria had gained much territory in the war against the Ottomans, but less than what it had been promised. In ...
Aftermath of the Balkan Wars
At the Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria ceded land to Serbia, Greece, and Romania, ending the Second Balkan War between those ...
Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
Serbia's sudden expansion in the Balkan Wars increased tensions between it and Austria-Hungary, which had a significant Serb minority ...
Central Power Breakthrough in the East
Italy joined the Allies in May, but the rest of the year favored the Central Powers. In August the Germans ...
Southern Asia 1917
Despite widespread success, the Bolshevik takeover was rejected in many parts of Russia. One of the most important of these ...
Southern Asia 1918
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Transcaucasia's armistice with the Ottomans broke down in February 1918, by which point the Bolsheviks had largely secured their ...
Southern Asia 1918
Capture of Damascus
The long stand-off between the Allies and the Ottomans in Palestine was finally ended in September with the Battle of ...
Collapse of the Central Powers
The Allied advances of August and September were too much for the Central Powers. Bulgaria accepted defeat on September 29 ...
Following the German Revolution of November 1918, a republic was proclaimed and the Kaiser fled the country. On November 11 ...
Southern Asia 1941
Liquidation of Italian East Africa
The British conquest of Italian East Africa culminated with the Italian surrender of Addis Ababa on 6 April 1941. One ...
Germany in the Mediterranean
By April, Germany was ready to salvage the Italian position. In North Africa, German and Italian forces led by Rommel ...
Eve of Barbarossa
Following their treatment by the Soviets, Finland and Romania fell into alignment with the Germans. By June 1941, after overrunning ...
In June, the Allies landed in France, re-opening the Western Front. At the same time, the Russians pushed into Belarus ...
Advance on the Rhine
With Paris liberated, the Allies pushed on into Belgium and towards the Rhine. In an attempt to win the War ...