Paris Peace Treaties

The Cold War

Europe 1947.021

Paris Peace Treaties

The Cold War in Europe (10 February 1947)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

Even as relations between the Soviet Union and the West were deteriorating, the former Allies still had to work together to reshape Europe. At the Paris Peace Treaties they laid down terms to the countries that had sided with Germany in the War in Europe: Italy, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Finland.

Main Events

Nuremberg Trials

DSE (Democratic Army of Greece) partisans control much of Greece's mountain regions


In response to the growing economic isolation of the Soviet occupation zone– in violation of the Potsdam Agreements– the United States and United Kingdom agreed to merge their occupation zones and ensure the free movement of agricultural and industrial goods to rebuild the German economy.

Treaty of Peace with Italy

Paris Peace Treaties

Under the Paris Peace Treaties, Hungary's borders reverted to those which had existed before the 1938 Munich Agreement. So too did Czechoslovakia, except for Ruthenia, which was ceded to the Soviet Union. Romania agreed to return to its prewar boundaries, with the exceptions of southern Dobruja, which was ceded to Bulgaria, and Bessarabia and Bukovina, which were restored to the Soviet Union.

Paris Peace Treaties

Under the Paris Peace Treaties, Finland ceded Petsamo to the Soviet Union, as had been agreed in the 1944 Moscow Armistice Agreement.

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