European Union

Post-Cold War Europe

Europe 1993.1101

European Union

Europe after the Cold War (1 November 1993)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

While the former Eastern Bloc was collapsing, the nations of Western Europe were forging closer ties. Back in 1958, Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands had established the European Economic Community (EEC) to bring about economic integration. By the early 1990s, with this integration largely achieved, the member states of the EEC, now 12 in number, felt ready to move to the next stage. In 1993, the European Union was established, with a new shared currency (to be called the euro) to be introduced by the end of the decade.

Main Events

War between Georgia and Russian-backed Abkhaz separatists

Czechoslovakia dissolved, forming the Czech Republic and Slovakia

Armenian Summer Offensive against Azerbaijan in Nagorno-Karabakh War

Maastricht Treaty comes into force, formally establishing European Union

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