June Days

The Springtime of Peoples

Europe 1848.0623

June Days

The Year of Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848-1849, the Hungarian Revolution, the First Italian War of Unification and the First Schleswig War (23 June 1848)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

The apparent success of the European revolutions belied the divisions between the city-based reformers, who desired everything from moderate reforms to the complete overthrow of the current systems of government, and the general population, who were often traditionalists. Thus when the new French Republic implemented universal male suffrage, the people elected a conservative government. Shocked, the urban workers and radicals took to the streets of Paris in June but were crushed by the National Guard. The monarchies of Europe took note - if even France could rein in its revolutionaries, so could they.

Main Events

Counterrevolution in Naples

King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies declares martial law in Naples, sending in troops to brutally crush the liberal opposition and plunder the city; two days later parliament is dissolved and Naples withdraws from the First War of Italian Independence

German Confederation suspended

The German National Assembly (Frankfurt Parliament) meets at Frankfurt, Free State of Frankfurt, and suspends the German Confederation as it begins the construction of a new German Empire

Pan-Slavic Congress

The Pan-Slavic Congress is held in Prague, in the Kingdom of Bohemia in the Austrian Empire, between various Slavic groups, including Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, Ruthenians/Ukrainians, Slovenes and Croats to uphold Slavic rights; the Congress is brought to an end when Austrian soldiers arrive and arrest some of the leading delegates

Battle of Vicenza

Forces of the Austrian Empire, led by Joseph Radetzky, defeat troops of the Papal States, under the command of Sardinian general Giacomo Durando, at Viacenza, Lombardy-Venetia, removing the Papal States from the First War of Italian Independence, linking the Austrian armies in northern Italy and isolating Venice

Wallachian Revolution

Revolutionaries declare a new government in Bucharest, Principality of Wallachia; Prince Gheorghe Bibescu accepts the revolution and abdicates two days later, while the Russian consul leaves the country for Transylvania, Austrian Empire

June Days Uprising

French workers march on the Place de la Bastille, Paris, to protest the plans of the French Second Republic to close the National Workshops for the poor, by the end of the day they control most of eastern Paris; in response the government calls in the National Guard, leading to three days of fighting and over 10,000 casualties

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