The apparent success of the European revolutions belied the divisions between the city-based reformers, who desired everything from moderate reforms ...
Appeasement at Munich
From March 1938, pro-Nazis in the Sudetenland, a part of Czechoslovakia with a large German population, started pressing for autonomy ...
End of Czechoslovakia
The 1938 Munich Agreement did not end German expansionism. In March 1939, Hitler encouraged the breakup of what was left ...
In August 1939, Germany surprised the world by signing the Molotov-Ribbentrop_Pact with the Soviet Union. Formally, this was a non-aggression ...
Liberation of France
Throughout July the Allies consolidated and reinforced their hold over Normandy. On August 5 they struck, sweeping south, east and ...
South Ossetia War
The collapse of Russian power in 1989-91 had allowed NATO and the EU to absorb not only the former Soviet ...