Imperial Europe (8 April 1904)
Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean
The Anglo-French rivalry had been a constant of European affairs for centuries. In 1904, however, Britain's newfound ally, Japan, attacked France's ally, Russia. In an attempt to avoid entanglement in this war between their allies, the two nations signed the Entente Cordiale - a series of agreements that defined their respective spheres of influence, in particular recognizing British control of Egypt and French primacy in Morocco.
Kuwait gives Great Britain control of its foreign policy
Saudi capture of Riyadh
Abdul Aziz ibn Saud, accompanied by 40 followers and with the support of other tribesmen hostile to the Rashidis, infiltrates the Rashidi-held former Saudi capital of Riyadh. There they assault Al Masmak Castle, assassinating Ibn Ajlan (the Rashidi governor) and massacring the entire garrison. This capture of Riyadh greatly enhances Ibn Saud's reputation and he is declared emir four months later.
Britain and Japan sign Anglo-Japanese Alliance in London
Battle of Port Arthur
Japanese naval attack on Russian fleet anchored at Port Arthur, Manchuria
Entente Cordiale signed between Britain and France, settling Anglo-French differences in Africa, Newfoundland, and Siam