East Asia 1897
Over the 19th century, increasing access to the outside world had led to the growth of revolutionary movements in the ...
East Asia 1900
In response to the growing foreign domination of China, the isolationist Yihetuan movement - known in the west as Boxers - rose ...
East Asia 1900
Battle of Peking
The Chinese Empire considered the Eight-Nation intervention to suppress the Boxer Rebellion a violation of its sovereignty and declared war ...
Outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War
Russia's tightening influence in Manchuria and Korea led to tensions with Japan. With the Russians also building the Trans-Siberian ...
East Asia 1904
Attack on Port Arthur
The 1902 Anglo-Japanese Alliance freed Japan from the fear of war with a coalition of European powers. Emboldened, they moved ...
The Anglo-French rivalry had been a constant of European affairs for centuries. In 1904, however, Britain's newfound ally, Japan ...
Southern Asia 1904
British Expedition to Tibet
While the British welcomed the Saudi restoration as a way to undermine Ottoman power, their main concern in the region ...
the Arctic 1905
After more than ninety years of personal union, Norway split from Sweden in 1905. Despite initial tensions, war was averted ...
East Asia 1922
The Washington Treaties were welcomed by reformists in Japan who saw danger both in a policy of continuous intervention in ...
East Asia 1929
Encouraged by the Chinese Nationalist government, the Fengtian clique seized the part Soviet-administered Chinese Eastern Railway in 1929. The Soviets ...
1929 Sino-Soviet Conflict
By 1929, Chiang Kaishek's Nationalists were rapidly reunifying China. With Chiang's backing, the Manchurian warlord seized the part-Soviet ...
East Asia 1930
Central Plains War
Despite the claims to unity, Chiang Kaishek's hold over China was tenuous. In 1930, Yan Xishan, the Guominjun and ...
Southern Asia 1931
By the early 1930s, Chiang Kaishek's Nationalists had reunified much of China, encouraging the remaining warlords to side with ...
East Asia 1931
With the help of the Fengtian clique, Chiang Kaishek won the Central Plains War and was able to turn his ...
East Asia 1932
Creation of Manchukuo
The Japanese Army, moving without orders from the government in Tokyo, used the Mukden Incident as an excuse to invade ...
Japanese Conquest of Manchuria
After their defeat by the Soviets, the Nationalist Chinese government moved to crush the growing Communist movement in China once ...
the Arctic 1932
Erik the Red's Land
In return for Denmark abandoning any claims on Svalbard, Norway had agreed to recognize Danish sovereignty over Greenland. However, northeast ...
Southern Asia 1932
Formation of Saudi Arabia
The Saudi defeat of the Ikhwan in 1930 secured Ibn Saud's power in central Arabia. On 22 September 1932 ...
North America 1934
The Great Depression hit the United States hard, with a nearly 45% drop in industrial production and widespread unemployment peaking ...
Soviet-Japanese Border Wars
The late 1930s saw international stability further deteriorate, with a Japanese invasion of China followed by the German seizure of ...