North America 1900
Thousand Days' War
The Spanish-American War gave the US an empire in the Caribbean and the Pacific and marked its emergence as a ...
East Asia 1900
In response to the growing foreign domination of China, the isolationist Yihetuan movement - known in the west as Boxers - rose ...
East Asia 1900
Battle of Peking
The Chinese Empire considered the Eight-Nation intervention to suppress the Boxer Rebellion a violation of its sovereignty and declared war ...
Federation of Australia
The late nineteenth century saw an increasing call for federation among the Australian colonies. On 1 January 1901 they united ...
East Asia 1901
In August 1900, the Allies captured Peking, defeating the remnants of the Boxer Rebellion over the following year. Peace was ...
Southern Asia 1902
By the early 1890s, the Emirate of Ha'il had risen to dominate the Arabian interior, conquering the rival Emirate ...
East Asia 1902
During the Boxer Rebellion, Russia had occupied Manchuria. Suspicious of Russian intentions in the region and wary of its alliance ...
Outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War
Russia's tightening influence in Manchuria and Korea led to tensions with Japan. With the Russians also building the Trans-Siberian ...
East Asia 1904
Attack on Port Arthur
The 1902 Anglo-Japanese Alliance freed Japan from the fear of war with a coalition of European powers. Emboldened, they moved ...
The Anglo-French rivalry had been a constant of European affairs for centuries. In 1904, however, Britain's newfound ally, Japan ...
North America 1904
The American gains against Spain increased its interest in procuring a Central American canal to link its Atlantic and Pacific ...
Southern Asia 1904
British Expedition to Tibet
While the British welcomed the Saudi restoration as a way to undermine Ottoman power, their main concern in the region ...
Battle of Tsushima
Japanese naval dominance in the east allowed them to occupy Korea and land in south Manchuria. After a long siege ...
the Arctic 1905
After more than ninety years of personal union, Norway split from Sweden in 1905. Despite initial tensions, war was averted ...
Dissatisfaction with the Tsarist government and its handling of the war with Japan resulted in unrest across Russia. Desperate for ...
East Asia 1905
Japan swiftly overran Korea and southern Manchuria, capturing Port Arthur after a prolonged siege. In an attempt to gain naval ...
Southern Asia 1905
Partition of Bengal
British India was dominated by Bengal, whose 80 million people made up over a quarter of the population of the ...
Germany viewed the Entente Cordiale as a threat and tried to exploit the tensions caused by the war between Russia ...
Consolidation of the Dutch East Indies
Despite its small size, the Netherlands emerged from the 19th century in charge of the rich and populous Dutch East ...
East Asia 1907
Anglo-French Agreement on Siam
The Russo-Japanese War had threatened to embroil France and Britain, the allies of the two combatants. To preserve the peace ...