the Arctic 1854
Opening of Japan
Across the Pacific, Japan had kept itself closed off from the world since the 17th century, restricting its contact with ...
the Arctic 1855
Crimean War in the Arctic
Other nations were soon to follow the United States in signing treaties with Japan, in particular Great Britain, which was ...
North America 1855
In 1854 the Kansas-Nebraska Act created the new territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening them up for settlement and granting ...
the Arctic 1869
In Japan, the instability which had followed the arrival of Perry's ships had ultimately led to the termination of ...
the Arctic 1870
Rupert's Land Act
The threat posed by the Alaska Purchase helped encourage the British to assent to the creation of a united, self-governing ...
the Arctic 1875
Treaty of Saint Petersburg
While the Canadians were expanding westward across their new territories, Russian and Japanese settlers were coming into conflict in Sakhalin ...
East Asia 1898
In response to American support of Cuban revolutionaries, Spain declared war on the United States in April 1898. However the ...
Britain's Splendid Isolation
At the close of the Nineteenth Century, Great Britain was still Europe's foremost power but was facing ever greater ...
East Asia 1900
In response to the growing foreign domination of China, the isolationist Yihetuan movement - known in the west as Boxers - rose ...
East Asia 1900
Battle of Peking
The Chinese Empire considered the Eight-Nation intervention to suppress the Boxer Rebellion a violation of its sovereignty and declared war ...
East Asia 1901
In August 1900, the Allies captured Peking, defeating the remnants of the Boxer Rebellion over the following year. Peace was ...
Southern Asia 1902
By the early 1890s, the Emirate of Ha'il had risen to dominate the Arabian interior, conquering the rival Emirate ...
East Asia 1902
During the Boxer Rebellion, Russia had occupied Manchuria. Suspicious of Russian intentions in the region and wary of its alliance ...
Outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War
Russia's tightening influence in Manchuria and Korea led to tensions with Japan. With the Russians also building the Trans-Siberian ...
East Asia 1904
Attack on Port Arthur
The 1902 Anglo-Japanese Alliance freed Japan from the fear of war with a coalition of European powers. Emboldened, they moved ...
The Anglo-French rivalry had been a constant of European affairs for centuries. In 1904, however, Britain's newfound ally, Japan ...
Southern Asia 1904
British Expedition to Tibet
While the British welcomed the Saudi restoration as a way to undermine Ottoman power, their main concern in the region ...
Battle of Tsushima
Japanese naval dominance in the east allowed them to occupy Korea and land in south Manchuria. After a long siege ...
the Arctic 1905
After more than ninety years of personal union, Norway split from Sweden in 1905. Despite initial tensions, war was averted ...
East Asia 1905
Japan swiftly overran Korea and southern Manchuria, capturing Port Arthur after a prolonged siege. In an attempt to gain naval ...