Treaty of San Stefano

Imperial Europe

Europe 1878.0317

Treaty of San Stefano

Imperial Europe (17 March 1878)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

The Russo-Turkish War of 1877-8 began slowly, but by early 1878 the Russians had broken through. At the Treaty of San Stefano, the Ottoman Empire was forced to recognize the independence of Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, as well as the creation of a huge autonomous Bulgaria.

Main Events

Battle of Sofia

Treaty of San Stefano

Russia and the Ottoman Empire signed the Treaty of San Stefano, bringing an end to the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878. In the treaty, the Ottomans agreed to the establishment of a large autonomous Bulgarian state; the independence of Montenegro, Serbia, and Romania; and the cession of Bessarabia, Batum, Ardahan, and Kars to Russia. Both powers ratified the treaty in St. Petersburg on 17 March 1878.

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