Alliance of the Three Kings

The Springtime of Peoples

Europe 1849.0526

Alliance of the Three Kings

The Year of Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848-1849, the Hungarian Revolution, the First Italian War of Unification and the First Schleswig War (26 May 1849)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

Prussia responded swiftly to the uprisings in Germany, crushing rebellions in Saxony and the Prussian Rhineland. With its supporters cowed and no army to defend them, the National Assembly crumbled. Prussia now set about restoring order in Germany on its own terms, beginning by forming an alliance with its fellow kingdoms of Saxony and Hanover.

Main Events

Frankfurt parliament collapses

The German National Assembly in Frankfurt suffered mass resignations as it debated whether to condemn Prussian or revolutionary violence. Prussia, Saxony and Hanover recalled their delegates days later; by the end of May only 104 members remained.

Baden Mutiny

A military revolt in Karlsruhe, capital of the Grand Duchy of Baden, caused Grand Duke Leopold to flee to France. Baden then became a republic.

Spain defeats Carlists

The Last Carlists crossed the Spanish-French border, ending the Second Carlist War in the Kingdom of Spain.

Naples takes Palermo

Neapolitan forces entered Palermo, Sicily, after Sicilian leadership agreed to surrender, ending the independent Kingdom of Sicily.

Austria asks for Russian help in Hungary

Emperor Franz Joseph of Austrian Empire appealed to Tsar Nicholas of Russian Empire for support against Hungarian rebellion, having traveled to Warsaw to meet the Tsar in person.

Alliance of Three Kings formed

The Kingdoms of Prussia, Saxony and Hanover concluded the Alliance of the Three Kings.

About this map