Alliance of the Three Kings

The Springtime of Peoples

Europe 1849.0526

Alliance of the Three Kings

The Year of Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848-1849, the Hungarian Revolution, the First Italian War of Unification and the First Schleswig War (26 May 1849)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

Prussia responded swiftly to the uprisings in Germany, crushing rebellions in Saxony and the Prussian Rhineland. With its supporters cowed and no army to defend them, the National Assembly crumbled. Prussia now set about restoring order in Germany on its own terms, beginning by forming an alliance with its fellow kingdoms of Saxony and Hanover.

Main Events

Frankfurt parliament collapses

German National Assembly in Frankfurt suffers mass resignations as it debates whether to condemn Prussian or revolutionary violence; Prussia, Saxony and Hanover recall their delegates days later; by the end of May only 104 members remain

Revolt in Baden overthrows Grand Duke

Military revolt in Karlsruhe, capital of Grand Duchy of Baden, causes Grand Duke Leopold to flee to France; Baden becomes a republic

Spain defeats Carlists

Last Carlists cross the Spanish-French border, ending the Second Carlist War in the Kingdom of Spain

Naples takes Palermo

Neapolitan forces enter Palermo, Sicily, after Sicilian leadership agrees to surrender, ending independent Kingdom of Sicily

Austria asks for Russian help in Hungary

Emperor Franz Joseph of Austrian Empire appeals to Tsar Nicholas of Russian Empire for support against Hungarian rebellion, having traveled to Warsaw to meet the Tsar in person

Alliance of Three Kings formed

Kingdoms of Prussia, Saxony and Hanover conclude Alliance of the Three Kings

About this map