Soviet Breakthrough

World War II: Fall of the Third Reich

Europe 1944.0129

Soviet Breakthrough

World War II in Europe from Stalingrad to the fall of Berlin (29 January 1944)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

The latter half of 1943 saw the Soviet Red Army push inexorably westwards. By the end of the year they had broken through German defences on the Dnieper and liberated two-thirds of the territory they had lost in the war. In early 1944 they ended the 900 day Siege of Leningrad.

Main Events

Battle of Kiev

The Soviets crossed the Dnieper and retook Kiev.

Tehran Conference

The "Big Three" Allied leaders - Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, Franklin Roosevelt of the United States, and Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom - met at the Tehran Conference (codenamed 'Eureka') to discuss strategy against Germany. The meeting occured in the Soviet embassy in Tehran, Iran, and concluded with an American and British commitment to open a second front in Western Europe by 1 May 1944.

Operation Shingle

Having become bogged down in the mountainous Gustav Line crossing southern Lazio and Abruzzo, the Allies attempted to break the stalemate by landing at the low-lying area of Anzio and Nettuno and ultimately capturing Rome.

Relief of Leningrad

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