Outbreak of the Spanish Civil War

The Rise of Fascism

Europe 1936.072

Outbreak of the Spanish Civil War

The Rise of Fascism in Italy, National Socialism in Germany, the Spanish Civil War, and the expansion of Nazi Germany (20 July 1936)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

In Spain, tensions had been rising between the reformist republican government and conservative nationalist elements. In July 1936, the Nationalists rose up, seizing control of much of the Spanish countryside. In the ensuing Civil War, Germany and Italy would be able to test their new armaments by supporting the Nationalists while the Soviet Union supported the Republicans.

Main Events

Spanish Civil War starts

Montreux Convention signed, allowing remilitarization of Turkish straits

Belgium declares neutrality

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