Southern Asia 1930
In late 1929 the Indian National Congress decided to push for the complete end of British rule, declaring 26 January ...
East Asia 1930
Central Plains War
Despite the claims to unity, Chiang Kaishek's hold over China was tenuous. In 1930, Yan Xishan, the Guominjun and ...
Southern Asia 1931
By the early 1930s, Chiang Kaishek's Nationalists had reunified much of China, encouraging the remaining warlords to side with ...
East Asia 1931
With the help of the Fengtian clique, Chiang Kaishek won the Central Plains War and was able to turn his ...
Statute of Westminster
Over the course of the 1920s, Britain moved to give all its Dominions greater independence, culminating in 1931 when it ...
East Asia 1932
Creation of Manchukuo
The Japanese Army, moving without orders from the government in Tokyo, used the Mukden Incident as an excuse to invade ...
Japanese Conquest of Manchuria
After their defeat by the Soviets, the Nationalist Chinese government moved to crush the growing Communist movement in China once ...
the Arctic 1932
Erik the Red's Land
In return for Denmark abandoning any claims on Svalbard, Norway had agreed to recognize Danish sovereignty over Greenland. However, northeast ...
Southern Asia 1932
Formation of Saudi Arabia
The Saudi defeat of the Ikhwan in 1930 secured Ibn Saud's power in central Arabia. On 22 September 1932 ...
Hitler Gains Power
The Great Depression that started in 1929, resulted in massive world-wide unemployment. Germany was especially hard hit, with 6 million ...
East Asia 1933
Neither the League of Nations or the Nationalist Chinese were prepared to accept the creation of Manchukuo, so Japan pressed ...
Southern Asia 1933
First East Turkestan Republic
In 1931 the warlord-ruled Chinese province of Xinjiang fell into civil war when the former khanate of Kumul revolted against ...
Southern Asia 1934
Soviet Invasion of Xinjiang
The 1933 invasion of Xinjiang by the Nationalist Chinese-allied Ma family alarmed the Soviet Union, which responded by mounting its ...
North America 1934
The Great Depression hit the United States hard, with a nearly 45% drop in industrial production and widespread unemployment peaking ...
Southern Asia 1935
In the 1920s, Mussolini's Fascists had risen to power in Italy, adopting an increasingly aggressive foreign policy. In 1934 ...
East Asia 1935
Chiang Kaishek took advantage of the cease-fire with Japan to crack down on the Chinese Communists. In the Fifth Encirclement ...
Remilitarization of the Rhineland
In late 1935, Italy launched an invasion of Ethiopia in defiance of the League of Nations. Hitler took advantage of ...
Southern Asia 1936
Second Italo-Ethiopian War
Following the League of Nations failure to halt Italian aggression in the Abyssinia Crisis, Italy launched a full-scale invasion of ...
Outbreak of the Spanish Civil War
In Spain, tensions had been rising between the reformist republican government and conservative nationalist elements. In July 1936, the Nationalists ...
Even more concerning to the Soviets than Japan's occupation of Manchuria, the deeply anti-Communist Adolf Hitler became German Chancellor ...