Remilitarization of the Rhineland

The Rise of Fascism

Europe 1936.0307

Remilitarization of the Rhineland

The Rise of Fascism in Italy, National Socialism in Germany, the Spanish Civil War, and the expansion of Nazi Germany (7 March 1936)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

In late 1935, Italy launched an invasion of Ethiopia in defiance of the League of Nations. Hitler took advantage of this crisis to move German forces into the Rhineland. Despite the fact that this act was in breach of Treaty of Versailles, Britain and France did nothing.

Main Events

February Uprising in Austria

Saar votes to rejoin Germany

Outbreak of Second Italo-Ethiopian War

At 5:00 am Italian troops under General Emilio de Bono cross the Mareb River from Eritrea into Ethiopia. On the same day, Italian forces in Somalia begin a series of attacks across the Ogaden into southern and eastern Ethiopia. In response to these undeclared Italian invasions, Ethiopia declares war on Italy.

Germany remilitarizes the Rhineland

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