Division of Germany

World War II: Fall of the Third Reich

Europe 1945.0713

Division of Germany

World War II in Europe from Stalingrad to the fall of Berlin (13 July 1945)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

With the Nazis defeated, the four Allied powers - Britain, France, the US, and the Soviet Union - divided Germany into four occupation zones, marking additional German territory in the east for later Polish and Soviet annexation. The German capital of Berlin was also divided into four zones, as was Austria and its capital, Vienna.

Main Events

Allied division of Germany

The victorious Allied powers of France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States divided defeated Germany into four occupation zones, with Poland taking control of territory east of the Oder River that it would later annex. The Allies also divided Berlin into four sectors of occupation. US forces remained in the Soviet zone of Germany until early July, when they withdrew westward.

United Nations Charter

The United Nations Charter was signed at the San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center in San Francisco, United States, by fifty of the original fifty-one founding members (Poland, the only founding member not present, would sign the charter two months later). The treaty entered into force on 24 October 1945, after being ratified by the five permanent members of the security council - China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States - and a majority of the other signatories.

Three-power occupation of Berlin takes effect

Allies agree on their occupation zones in Austria

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