Division of Germany
With the Nazis defeated, the four Allied powers - Britain, France, the US, and the Soviet Union - divided Germany into four ...
North America 1945
Victory in World War II
In 1944, the Western Allies liberated France and, together with the Soviet Union, conquered Germany the following year. That August ...
the Arctic 1945
End of World War II
Despite Germany's surrender, Japan still fought on, finally being brought to terms in August when the United States dropped ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1947
In 1946 the French Fourth Republic replaced the French Empire with the French Union - an attempt to assimilate the French ...
Southern Asia 1948
Independence of Burma
The British departure from India in 1947 made their remaining colonies in South Asia redundant. Burma - which had been making ...
the Arctic 1949
North Atlantic Treaty
World War II left the United States and the Soviet Union as the dominant powers in Europe. Relations between the ...
East Asia 1950
Outbreak of the Korean War
The Soviets and Americans had withdrawn from Korea in 1948, leaving it divided between a communist North Korea and a ...
East Asia 1950
UN Offensive in Korea
After halting the North Korean advance, the UN forces counterattacked. In just a few weeks, they cleared South Korea then ...
At the end of World War II, Korea had been divided into a communist North and a pro-Western South. In ...
East Asia 1951
China in Korea and Tibet
China's intervention in Korea forced the surprised UN forces to retreat, but the Chinese were unable to conquer the ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1953
Mau Mau Uprising
By the early 1950s the failure of native attempts to extract political reforms from the white elites in the British ...
East Asia 1954
First Indochina War
In Indochina, France had been struggling with Vietnamese communist-nationalists, the Viet Minh, since 1946. When the Viet Minh invaded Laos ...
End of Soviet Influence in China
The Korean War was effectively ended with a formal ceasefire in 1953. With the immediate threat from the West over ...
North America 1962
Cuban Missile Crisis
US-Cuban relations quickly deteriorated as Castro's new regime cracked down on the influence of foreign businesses and supported revolution ...
South America 1962
Cold War reaches Latin America
Less than a month after the signing of the Rio Pact in 1948 - and while the Organization of American States ...
West New Guinea dispute
When the Netherlands recognized Indonesian independence, it retained western New Guinea on the grounds that its West Papuan inhabitants did ...
Height of the Cold War
Although the Warsaw Pact was officially a defensive alliance, attempts to break with the Pact were crushed in Hungary (1956 ...
East Asia 1963
Formation of Malaysia
In 1961, Indonesia attacked Dutch New Guinea. The dispute was resolved by the United Nations, which transferred the territory to ...
Independence for the Pacific Islands
The 1960s saw the beginning of the withdrawal of the colonial powers from the Pacific Islands. In 1962, New Zealand ...
Battle of the Paracel Islands
The 1969 Sino-Soviet conflict encouraged the United States to improve relations with the People's Republic of China, leading to ...