End of World War II

World War II in the Arctic

the Arctic 1945.0815

End of World War II

Arctic disputes, Winter War, Weather War, World War II, Cold War, Climate Change (15 August 1945)

Historical Map of the Arctic & the Far North

Despite Germany's surrender, Japan still fought on, finally being brought to terms in August when the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Soviet Union invaded Manchuria, Karafuto, and the Kuril Islands. The Second World War was finally at an end.

Main Events

V.E. Day

Following the German signing of the Act of Surrender on 7 May in Reims, France, and 8 May in Berlin, Germany, a public holiday - Victory in Europe Day, or V.E. Day - is celebrated in Allied countries to mark the Allies' formal acceptance of Germany's surrender and the end of World War II in Europe.

Allied occupation of Norway

British forces, starting with the 1st Airborne Division in Operation Doomsday and followed by Force 134, maintain order in Norway until the full restoration of the Norwegian government and its armed forces

Allied Control Commission assumes control throughout Germany, which is divided into four occupation zones

United Nations Charter signed in San Francisco

Atomic bombing of Hiroshima

After being briefed in Operations Order No. 35 - the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan - the Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber Enola Gay, piloted by Col. Paul Tibbets, departs from the US-occupied island of Tinian at 02:45 on 6 August 1945. Having reached Hiroshima, they release the Little Boy atomic bomb at 08:15 from a height of 9,400 m, making it to 18.5 km away before they feel the shock waves of the blast. The explosion and resultant firestorm kill some 70,000-80,000 people in the city, with another 70,000 injured and more later dying from the after-effects.

Soviet invasion of Manchuria

Soviet Union invades Manchukuo

Soviet invasion of southern Sakhalin

Soviet Union invades Japanese prefecture of Karafuto (southern Sakhalin)

Jewel Voice Broadcast

Japanese Emperor Hirohito reads out the Imperial Rescript on the Termination of the War in a radio broadcast, announcing to the people of Japan that their government has accepted the Potsdam Declaration and agreed to unconditional surrender. The speech is the first time the Emperor has spoken to the common people.

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