the Arctic 1870
Rupert's Land Act
The threat posed by the Alaska Purchase helped encourage the British to assent to the creation of a united, self-governing ...
the Arctic 1875
Treaty of Saint Petersburg
While the Canadians were expanding westward across their new territories, Russian and Japanese settlers were coming into conflict in Sakhalin ...
Dissatisfaction with the Tsarist government and its handling of the war with Japan resulted in unrest across Russia. Desperate for ...
East Asia 1905
Japan swiftly overran Korea and southern Manchuria, capturing Port Arthur after a prolonged siege. In an attempt to gain naval ...
Southern Asia 1905
Partition of Bengal
British India was dominated by Bengal, whose 80 million people made up over a quarter of the population of the ...
East Asia 1907
Anglo-French Agreement on Siam
The Russo-Japanese War had threatened to embroil France and Britain, the allies of the two combatants. To preserve the peace ...
Southern Asia 1907
While the British were in Tibet, their ally Japan was fighting Russia in northeast Asia. To prevent this war spreading ...
the Arctic 1909
Race to the North Pole
In 1909 American explorer Robert Peary claimed to be the first to reach the North Pole. Although modern research suggests ...
East Asia 1920
Since 1917, Duan Qirui and his Anhui clique had dominated the Chinese government. However Duan's dependence on Japan had ...
Battle of Warsaw
In the west, the Soviets had beaten back a Polish invasion of the Ukraine and reached the gates of Warsaw ...
the Arctic 1921
Wrangel Island Fiasco
While Soviet Russia faced off against the Japanese in the Far East, the Canadian explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson led an expedition ...
Rise of Stalin
Lenin had fallen seriously ill in 1922 and died in 1924. His followers competed for power until late 1926, when ...
the Arctic 1945
End of World War II
Despite Germany's surrender, Japan still fought on, finally being brought to terms in August when the United States dropped ...
East Asia 1945
When Japan failed to respond to the bombing of Hiroshima, the US dropped a second bomb on Nagasaki. At the ...
Soviet Attack on Japan
Stalin had promised the Allies that he would attack Japan three months after Germany had been defeated. On August 9 ...