Foreign support in Warlord China
From the end of the First Opium War to the Communist victory in the Chinese Civil War (1842-1950), foreign influence ...
Cause and Effect
Why China didn't discover America
In the early fifteenth century, China put together a huge fleet and flung it into the Indian Ocean but soon ...
Cause and Effect
Why Japan didn't colonize America
By the beginning of the 17th century Japan had one of the most powerful armies on Earth and was building ...
the Arctic 1850
Search for Franklin
In 1845 the renowned British explorer Sir John Franklin had set off to find the Northwest Passage, but by winter ...
the Arctic 1855
Crimean War in the Arctic
Other nations were soon to follow the United States in signing treaties with Japan, in particular Great Britain, which was ...
The Great Game
The Crimean War halted Russian expansion against Turkey for two decades, but Russian consolidation in the Caucasus and expansion into ...
the Arctic 1859
Russian expeditions and settlers had been infiltrating China's Amur region since the late 1840s. With the Crimean War exposing ...
the Arctic 1862
Gold Rushes in the Pacific Northwest
For some time after the Oregon Treaty, Britain's naval base on Vancouver Island was its only major presence in ...
East Asia 1901
In August 1900, the Allies captured Peking, defeating the remnants of the Boxer Rebellion over the following year. Peace was ...
Southern Asia 1902
By the early 1890s, the Emirate of Ha'il had risen to dominate the Arabian interior, conquering the rival Emirate ...
East Asia 1902
During the Boxer Rebellion, Russia had occupied Manchuria. Suspicious of Russian intentions in the region and wary of its alliance ...
East Asia 1904
Attack on Port Arthur
The 1902 Anglo-Japanese Alliance freed Japan from the fear of war with a coalition of European powers. Emboldened, they moved ...
Southern Asia 1904
British Expedition to Tibet
While the British welcomed the Saudi restoration as a way to undermine Ottoman power, their main concern in the region ...
Southern Asia 1905
Partition of Bengal
British India was dominated by Bengal, whose 80 million people made up over a quarter of the population of the ...
East Asia 1907
The Russo-Japanese War had threatened to embroil France and Britain, the allies of the two combatants. To preserve the peace ...
Southern Asia 1907
While the British were in Tibet, their ally Japan was fighting Russia in northeast Asia. To prevent this war spreading ...
the Arctic 1909
Race to the North Pole
In 1909 American explorer Robert Peary claimed to be the first to reach the North Pole. Although modern research suggests ...
Southern Asia 1911
In 1910, the Chinese Empire reasserted itself and occupied Tibet. However, this would be the decadent Empire's last triumph ...
East Asia 1911
China had suffered endless humiliations since the mid 19th century, with the once powerful Qing dynasty unable to hold back ...
Southern Asia 1912
The collapse of the Chinese Empire allowed Tibet to expel its Chinese garrison and declare independence. When the new Republic ...