Far Eastern Republic

Claiming the Far North

the Arctic 1920.0406

Far Eastern Republic

Arctic exploration, colonization of Greenland and Northern Canada, Erik the Red's Land (6 April 1920)

Historical Map of the Arctic & the Far North

The Great War ended in November 1918 with an armistice with Germany, encouraging most of the Allies to also end their intervention in Russia. However, Japan stayed on in the Russian Far East, supporting the numerous White factions there. Unwilling to confront the Japanese directly, the Soviets backed the creation of a Far Eastern Republic to act as a buffer state.

Main Events

Armistice of Compiègne

At 5am Paris time, Germany signed an armistice with the Allies in railway carriage No. 2419 D at Compiègne, France, to end its involvement in World War I. The armistice went into effect at 11am and, although not a formal surrender, demanded that the Germans withdraw their troops to behind their own borders, renounce the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, release all prisoners, promise to pay reparations, and surrender their fleet and materials.

Treaty of Versailles

Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles, officially ending its state of war with the Allied Powers. The treaty required Germany to accept War Guilt, disarm, cede 65,000 square km of territory containing 7 million people to its neighbors, and pay considerable reparations (assessed to be 132 billion Marks in 1921).

Dominion representation at Versailles

Representatives of the Dominion of Canada, the Commonwealth of Australia, the Union of South Africa, and the Dominion of New Zealand signed the Treaty of Versailles separately from, but underneath, the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas. This simple act - the first time the dominions had signed an international treaty as separate states - marked the beginning of their control over their own foreign policies.

Evacuation of Murmansk

After withdrawing from Archangel in late September 1919, the Allies evacuated Murmanskin October, ending the North Russia intervention.

Svalbard Treaty

The Treaty between Norway, The United States of America, Denmark, France, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Great Britain and Ireland and the British overseas Dominions and Sweden concerning Spitsbergen, was signed in Paris 9 February 1920. The treaty recognized Norwegian sovereignty over Spitsbergen/Svalbard but also demilitarized the archipelago. The treaty came into force on 14 August 1925, twelve days after being ratified by Japan (the last of the signatories to do so).

Far Eastern Republic

A Constituent Assembly in Verkhneudinsk, far eastern Russia, proclaimed the establishment of the Far Eastern Republic. The new republic was supported and recognized by Soviet Russia as a convenient buffer state between itself and the Japanese forces in occupation of Vladivostok.

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