NATO and the Two Germanys

The Cold War

Europe 1949.1007

NATO and the Two Germanys

The Cold War in Europe (7 October 1949)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

On April 4, the United States and its European allies formed the NATO alliance to counter the Soviet Union. On May 12, the Soviets ended the Berlin blockade. Eleven days later, the western occupation zone of Germany became an independent republic. The Soviet-occupied east followed suit in October.

Main Events

Armistices betwen Israel and Arab states end Arab-Israeli War

North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington (formation of NATO)

Soviet Union officially lifts Berlin blockade

Creation of German Federal Republic with capital at Bonn

Soviet Union tests their first nuclear weapon

Democratic Republic of Germany established

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