The Cold War
The Cold War in Europe (1 August 1948)
Historical Map of Europe and the Mediterranean
From 1947, the Western Allies began to economically and politically merge their zones in Germany. In response, the Soviets cut off land and water access to Berlin from the west. However, the Western Allies were able to save Berlin from being starved into surrender by providing to all the city's needs through airlifts. Unwilling to start a war by shooting down the supply aircraft, the Soviets were forced to back down.