World War II: Fall of the Third Reich
World War II in Europe from Stalingrad to the fall of Berlin (22 February 1943)
Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean
The Allied successes in North Africa had persuaded Germany to land forces in Tunisia. In February, they were joined by Rommel and his troops, who had fled the British across Libya. Rommel quickly returned to the attack, smashing the inexperienced US II Corps at Kasserine Pass. Despite this setback, the Allies recovered and were soon advancing on Tunis.
United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Free French Generals Charles de Gaulle and Henri Giraud met at the Anfa Hotel in Casablanca, French Morocco. The conference discussed strategy for the next phase of World War II and produced the 'Casablanca Declaration', demanding the unconditional surrender of the Axis powers.
British capture of Tripoli
The British 7th Armoured Division entered Tripoli, capital of the Italian colony of Libya, three days after the Germans withdrew.
Surrender of the Sixth Army
On 31 January Soviet forces advancing on the remaining German positions in Stalingrad reach the headquarters of German Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus, commander of the Sixth Army, in the southern pocket and capture him. Two days later,on 2 February, the remainder of the Sixth Army under General Strecker surrenders to the Soviets, ending organized Axis resistance in the city.
Battle of Kasserine Pass
German and Italian forces under Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel attacked American forces at Kasserine Pass, Tunisia. The inexperienced and poorly led American troops suffered heavy casualties and were pushed back 80km, but eventually rallied and fought back with the arrival of British reinforcements.