Sub-Saharan Africa 1935
In the 1920s, Mussolini's Fascists had risen to power in Italy, adopting an increasingly aggressive foreign policy. In 1934 ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1940
Debacle at Dakar
The Fall of France led to the creation of two opposing French governments: the Vichy French, who agreed to collaborate ...
In an attempt to match Hitler's victories, Mussolini ordered invasions of Egypt and Greece. But the Italian army was ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1941
East African Campaign
By 1941, Italy's attempt to build an empire in the Mediterranean had turned into a fiasco, further isolating Italian ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1941
Liquidation of Italian East Africa
The British conquest of Italian East Africa culminated with the Italian surrender of Addis Ababa on 6 April 1941. One ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1942
In December 1941 Japan entered World War II by attacking US and British bases in the Pacific. The following March ...
Western Desert Campaign
In North Africa, Rommel launched his greatest offensive against the British, expelling them from Libya and invading Egypt. By the ...
The Allied successes in North Africa had persuaded Germany to land forces in Tunisia. In February, they were joined by ...
Aftermath of Stalingrad
By February it was all over for the Sixth Army at Stalingrad as the Soviet offensive gathered momentum along much ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1953
Mau Mau Uprising
By the early 1950s the failure of native attempts to extract political reforms from the white elites in the British ...
North America 1974
Outside the Americas, the US had been fighting communism in Vietnam since the early 1960s. Meanwhile American society was being ...
Cold War Rivalry in the Middle East
In 1967, Israel conquered large swathes of Arab territory, which Soviet-supported Egypt and Syria attempted to retake in 1973. When ...
To defuse tensions in the Middle East, the US encouraged a permanent peace settlement between Egypt and Israel. However, while ...
In 2008 a major financial crisis had broken out in the US and rapidly spread to Europe. Its impact was ...
The Eurozone crisis had only partially subsided by 2014, when a pro-European revolution toppled the pro-Russian government of Ukraine. Russia ...
Following the Russian annexation of Crimea, pro-Russian unrest broke out across southern and eastern Ukraine, demanding referendums. The movement was ...
Rise of Daesh
In late 2013, Daesh (the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham, also called ISIS or ISIL) had emerged as the ...
Syrian Civil War
Although the US and its allies moved to support Iraq against Daesh (ISIL/IS), the situation in Syria was more ...