Humiliation of Olmütz

The Springtime of Peoples

Europe 1850.1129

Humiliation of Olmütz

The Year of Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848-1849, the Hungarian Revolution, the First Italian War of Unification and the First Schleswig War (29 November 1850)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

The Erfurt Union did not last long. In autumn the Electorate of Hesse, which formed the crucial bridge between Prussia's eastern and western possessions, went into revolt and the Elector called for support from the Diet of the German Confederation, the entity the Union had supposedly replaced. For a few months, forces of the Prussian-dominated Union and the Austrian-dominated Confederation faced off over Hesse, but in the end Prussia gave in, abandoning the Erfurt Union at the Treaty of Olmütz.

Main Events

Peace between Prussia & Denmark

Kingdom of Prussia and Kingdom of Denmark sign Peace of Berlin; Schleswig to be governed by Denmark while Holstein to be ruled by an administrator

Revolt in Electorate of Hesse

Popular revolt in Electorate of Hesse; Elector Frederick William and his government flee capital of Kassel and calls on German Diet to restore order, despite being member of Erfurt Union

Russia sides with Austria over Hesse

At Warsaw Conference, representatives of Kingdom of Prussia, Austrian Empire, and Russian Empire meet to re-establish order in German states and prevent war between Prussia and Austria over dispute over Electorate of Hesse; Russia gives its support to Austria

Austria & Bavaria invade Hesse

Forces of Austrian Empire and Kingdom of Bavaria occupy Hanau, Electorate of Hesse, while Prussia prepares for war

Punctation of Olmutz

Treaty at Olmutz, Moravia, between Kingdom of Prussia and Austrian Empire, whereby Prussia backs down in Electorate of Hesse, abandons Erfurt Union, and accepts revival of German Confederation under Austrian leadership; also known as "humiliation of Olmutz"

About this map