War on Terror

Post-Cold War Europe

Europe 2003.0413

War on Terror

Europe after the Cold War (13 April 2003)

Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean

On September 11, 2001, the Islamist terrorist organization of al-Qaeda launched multiple suicide attacks in the United States. The US responded with a a global military campaign to destroy al-Qaeda and its affiliates. First it overthrew the Taliban in Afghanistan, al-Qaeda's primary hosts. Then, more controversially, it invaded Iraq (which was hostile to the US but had no clear links to world terrorism).

Main Events

Russia occupies Chechen capital of Grozny

September 11 Attacks

Nineteen members of the terrorist group Al Qaeda hijack four commercial airplanes, crashing two into the World Trade Center in New York City and one into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, with the fourth crashing in Pennsylvania en route to Washington, DC.

Operation Enduring Freedom

Northern Alliance occupies Kabul after Taliban forces flee

United States, Britain, Australia and Poland invade and occupy Iraq

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