Federation of Australia
The late nineteenth century saw an increasing call for federation among the Australian colonies. On 1 January 1901 they united ...
East Asia 1901
In August 1900, the Allies captured Peking, defeating the remnants of the Boxer Rebellion over the following year. Peace was ...
Outbreak of the Great War
Although Australia and New Zealand were self-governing democracies, they were still part of the British Empire and tied to Britain ...
Conquest of the German Pacific
The Great War opened in the Pacific with a string of easy victories for the New Zealanders and Australians as ...
Southern Asia 1914
Outbreak of the Great War
The end of July saw the outbreak of World War I in Europe, pitting Russia, France, and Britain against Germany ...
Southern Asia 1916
Pacification of South Persia
Back in Persia, the Ottomans had rolled back the Russian offensive and taken Hamadan. However the British were finally prepared ...
Southern Asia 1917
The securing of South Persia allowed the British to return their focus to Mesopotamia. In early 1917 they recaptured Kut ...
Treaty of Versailles
Australians and New Zealanders fought together as the ANZACs against Turkey at Gallipoli. After this campaign failed, many were deployed ...
the Arctic 1920
Far Eastern Republic
The Great War ended in November 1918 with an armistice with Germany, encouraging most of the Allies to also end ...
League of Nations Mandates
With the signing of Versailles (1919), Australia and New Zealand became founding members of the League of Nations. The next ...
Statute of Westminster
Over the course of the 1920s, Britain moved to give all its Dominions greater independence, culminating in 1931 when it ...
the Arctic 1932
Erik the Red's Land
In return for Denmark abandoning any claims on Svalbard, Norway had agreed to recognize Danish sovereignty over Greenland. However, northeast ...
Hitler Gains Power
The Great Depression that started in 1929, resulted in massive world-wide unemployment. Germany was especially hard hit, with 6 million ...
North America 1934
The Great Depression hit the United States hard, with a nearly 45% drop in industrial production and widespread unemployment peaking ...
Exploration of the New Guinea Highlands
Prior to 1930, the mountainous interior of New Guinea was largely unexplored and thought to be mostly uninhabited. Then in ...
World War II and the Fall of France
In September 1939 a resurgent Germany invaded Poland, triggering war with Britain and France. Australia and New Zealand immediately joined ...
Southern Asia 1941
Japanese Invasion of Thailand and Malaya
In July 1941 the Japanese moved into southern Indochina, prompting the US and Britain to freeze Japan's assets and ...
Japan Comes South
Even as their planes racked Pearl Harbor, the Japanese were moving south to conquer the resource-rich colonies of Southeast Asia ...
East Asia 1942
The Japanese quickly overran Allied possessions in China, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific as they moved to seize resources and ...
Southern Asia 1942
Fall of Singapore
By February 1942 the Japanese forces invading Malaya had reached the perimeter of Singapore, Britain’s most important military base ...