The Great War
World War I in Europe and the Russian Revolution (11 November 1918)
Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean
As its alliance collapsed, Germany broke into revolution. A republic was proclaimed and the Kaiser fled the country. On November 11, the new German government signed an armistice with the Allies. The Great War was at an end, but chaos still reigned across much of Europe.
Yugoslav National Council proclaims Yugoslavian independence in Zagreb
Armistice of Mudros
The Ottoman Minister of Marine Affairs Rauf Bey and the British Admiral Somerset Arthur Gough-Calthorpe sign the Armistice of Mudros aboard the HMS Agamemnon in Mudros harbor on the Greek island of Lemnos. The armistice ends hostilities between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies as of noon the next day (31 October). Its conditions require the Ottomans demobilize their armed forces and withdraw to Anatolia - including abandoning their gains in the Caucasus, and allow the Allies to occupy the Turkish Straits and any territories in disorder.
Austria-Hungary signs Armistice of Villa Giusti with Italy
German revolution breaks out
Armistice of Compiègne
At 5am Paris time, Germany signs an armistice with the Allies in railway carriage No. 2419 D at Compiègne, France, to end its involvement in World War I. The armistice goes into effect at 11am and, although not a formal surrender, demands that the Germans withdraw their troops to behind their own borders, renounce the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, release all prisoners, promise to pay reparations, and surrender their fleet and materials.