Central Power Breakthrough in the East
Italy joined the Allies in May, but the rest of the year favored the Central Powers. In August the Germans ...
By February 1917 (according to the old style Julian calendar still in use in Russia), the Tsarist system was on ...
The end of the First World War had slowly led to the withdrawal of German troops. Finally free from pressure ...
Treaty of Sevres
Ottoman Turkey was the last of the Central Powers to sign a treaty with the victorious Allies, surrendering much of ...
Battle of Warsaw
In the west, the Soviets had beaten back a Polish invasion of the Ukraine and reached the gates of Warsaw ...
In August 1939, Germany surprised the world by signing the Molotov-Ribbentrop_Pact with the Soviet Union. Formally, this was a non-aggression ...
Eve of Barbarossa
Following their treatment by the Soviets, Finland and Romania fell into alignment with the Germans. By June 1941, after overrunning ...
Reunification of Germany
Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Bulgaria threw off Communist rule shortly after East Germany, marking the effective end of the Cold War ...
End of the Warsaw Pact
The collapse of communism in eastern Europe weakened the Warsaw Pact, which had mostly functioned as a tool for maintaining ...
The first challenge to the post-Cold War order came in August 1990, when Saddam Hussein's Iraq invaded and annexed ...
The first Soviet republics to break away were the Baltic states, whose 1940 annexation by the Soviet Union had never ...
South Ossetia War
The collapse of Russian power in 1989-91 had allowed NATO and the EU to absorb not only the former Soviet ...