Scramble for Africa
In 1881 France alarmed Italy by seizing Tunisia. The next year Britain occupied Egypt, infuriating France - which had built and ...
Battle of Stalingrad
A week after their defeats in Africa, Germany suffered an even greater disaster on the Eastern Front when the four ...
Failure of Winter Storm
Convinced that the Sixth Army could still be supplied by air, Hitler had ordered the troops in Stalingrad to hold ...
Aftermath of Stalingrad
By February it was all over for the Sixth Army at Stalingrad as the Soviet offensive gathered momentum along much ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1943
French Committee of National Liberation
The Free French coexisted with the High Commission of France in Africa from November 1942 until June 1943, each contributing ...
While the United States and the Soviet Union were facing off in Europe, the European powers were watching their colonial ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1957
Independence of Ghana
Following World War II, the European colonies in West Africa began demanding self-rule and then independence. The first to succeed ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1963
Due to political resistance from the white settler population, Kenya did not gain independence from the UK until December 1963 ...
In 2008 a major financial crisis had broken out in the US and rapidly spread to Europe. Its impact was ...