French invasion of Algeria
Following three years of deteriorating relations, France invaded Algiers in mid-1830. Although their swift victory would initiate over a century ...
By 1844, the French had consolidated their hold over Algeria, but were now facing continuous raids from Algerian fighters taking ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1929
The 1920s saw a consolidation of the European hold over Africa as the colonial powers built railroads and made use ...
El Alamein and Operation Torch
In November, the tide turned in the Western Desert Campaign when the British defeated Rommel's Afrika Korps at El ...
Battle of Stalingrad
A week after their defeats in Africa, Germany suffered an even greater disaster on the Eastern Front when the four ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1942
Three French Empires
In November 1942 the Allies landed in Vichy French North Africa and defeated the Axis in Egypt, prompting Germany to ...
Failure of Winter Storm
Convinced that the Sixth Army could still be supplied by air, Hitler had ordered the troops in Stalingrad to hold ...
the Arctic 1942
In early 1942, Germany moved air and naval forces to northern Norway to deal with the increasing shipments of supplies ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1943
French Committee of National Liberation
The Free French coexisted with the High Commission of France in Africa from November 1942 until June 1943, each contributing ...
North America 1944
America in World War II
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the United States, bringing its U-boat campaign to the ...
After the death of Stalin in 1953, a thaw in relations between East and West allowed for the end of ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1956
Independence of Sudan
In 1953 Egyptian revolutionaries deposed the last King of Egypt and the Sudan, signing a treaty with the British the ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1960
French Withdrawal from West Africa
Having accepted the end of its colonial empire, France granted independence to its remaining West African colonies between April and ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1961
Discord over the Congo
The deposing and later assassination of Congolese PM Lumumba divided the United Nations. The Eastern Bloc countries and many of ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1962
Independence in East Africa
Tanganyika became independent of the UK in December 1961; it would merge with Zanzibar one and half years later to ...
The coming of the 1960s saw the Cold War heating up, fueled by advances in missile technology. In 1961, another ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1963
Due to political resistance from the white settler population, Kenya did not gain independence from the UK until December 1963 ...
North America 1974
Outside the Americas, the US had been fighting communism in Vietnam since the early 1960s. Meanwhile American society was being ...
Cold War Rivalry in the Middle East
In 1967, Israel conquered large swathes of Arab territory, which Soviet-supported Egypt and Syria attempted to retake in 1973. When ...