First Egyptian-Ottoman War
In return for assisting the Ottoman Empire in Greece, Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali - nominally an Ottoman governor - demanded he be ...
The Egyptian rejection of the 1840 London Convention led to the Oriental Crisis, threatening the collapse of the Ottoman Empire ...
Southern Asia 1918
Capture of Damascus
The long stand-off between the Allies and the Ottomans in Palestine was finally ended in September with the Battle of ...
Southern Asia 1925
Great Syrian Revolt
The French rule in Syria which followed the 1920 destruction of the Arab Kingdom was resented by much of the ...
Eve of Barbarossa
British forces successfully ended German influence in Iraq and Syria, but narrowly failed to defeat a German airborne invasion of ...
Southern Asia 1941
The Vichy French in Syria and Lebanon not only supported the pro-German coup in Iraq but agreed to host German ...
Southern Asia 1949
First Arab-Israeli War
When Israel declared independence in 1948, the surrounding Arab states immediately declared war and invaded it. Although outnumbered, the Israelis ...
Cold War Rivalry in the Middle East
In 1967, Israel conquered large swathes of Arab territory, which Soviet-supported Egypt and Syria attempted to retake in 1973. When ...
South Ossetia War
The collapse of Russian power in 1989-91 had allowed NATO and the EU to absorb not only the former Soviet ...
The Eurozone crisis had only partially subsided by 2014, when a pro-European revolution toppled the pro-Russian government of Ukraine. Russia ...
Syrian Civil War
Although the US and its allies moved to support Iraq against Daesh (ISIL/IS), the situation in Syria was more ...