Italo-Turkish War

Imperial Europe

Europe 1912.0601

Italo-Turkish War

Imperial Europe (1 June 1912)

Historical Map of Europe and the Mediterranean

In October 1911, Italy invaded the Ottoman Turkish provinces in North Africa. The Italians quickly conquered the coastal cities but found it harder to defeat the Arab and Turkish forces in the interior, despite the first use of airplanes in warfare. In May 1912, they occupied the Dodecanese in an attempt to force the Turks to accept defeat.

Main Events

Italy declares war on Ottoman Empire

Italian troops land in Tripolitania

Treaty of Fez

Sultan of Morocco accepts French protection

Third Home Rule Bill

British Prime Minister introduces Third Home Rule Bill, paving the way for self-government in Ireland but triggering crisis in Ulster

Italy seizes Dodecanese islands

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