North America 1914: Banana Wars
Political instability in the Caribbean and Central America continued into the 1910s, prompting further US military interventions as it sought to maintain order in the region. By 1914 it had extended its dominance to the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Honduras and Haiti. Although often sanctioned by local governments or the European powers, the involvement of US commercial interests, especially fruit companies, in encouraging these interventions has led to them being named “Banana Wars”.
6 Jan 1912 New Mexico becomes US state▲
The New Mexico Territory was admitted to the US as the state of New Mexico.
14 Feb 1912 Arizona beomes US state▲
The Arizona Territory was admitted to the US as the state of Arizona.
15 May 1912 Expansion of Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec▲
Canada distributed the southern portion of Northwest Territories, along Hudson Bay, among Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec.
4 Aug-16 Dec 1912 US occupation of Nicaragua▲
In mid-1912, Nicaraguan Minister of War General Luis Mena rebelled against President Adolfo Díaz when the United States refused to recognize Mena as Díaz’s successor. On Díaz’s invitation, the US landed troops in Nicaragua on 4 August to protect US citizens and safeguard US property. After capturing Mena in September and defeating his remaining followers in October, the troops supervised Nicaragua’s elections in November before withdrawing.
9-18 Feb 1913 Ten Tragic Days▲
Fighting broke out in Mexico City on 9 February between soldiers loyal to President Madero and several rebel factions. On 19 February, Madero resigned, and rebel leader Victoriano Huerta was declared President. Three days later, Madero and his former Vice President José María Pino Suárez were assassinated.
24 Feb 1913 Carranza revolts against Huerta▲
Venustiano Carranza led a revolt in northern Mexico against President Huerta.
29 Jan-9 Feb 1914 US intervenes in Haiti▲
The United States temporarily moved into Haiti to protect American nationals.