North America 1994: New World Order
In 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait - the first major crisis of the post-Cold War world. Under US leadership, a global coalition which included members of the former Communist Bloc defeated the Iraqis, but the brief period of US-Soviet cooperation ended when the Soviet Union collapsed, leaving the United States as the world’s sole remaining superpower.
Mar 1990 Contra War ends▲
The United States lifted its embargo against Nicaragua, ending any remaining support for Contras, following defeat of Sandinista National Liberation Front in free elections in February.
17 Jan-28 Feb 1991 Operation Desert Storm▲
Coalition forces led by the United States of America conducted a five-week aerial and naval bombardment of both Iraq and Iraqi-occupied Kuwait. On 24 February, a ground assault was launched from Saudi Arabia. In a one hundred-hour land campaign, the coalition defeated the Iraqi military, liberated Kuwait, and occupied much of southern Iraq.
25 Dec 1991 Dissolution of the Soviet Union▲
On the morning of 25 December 1991, in a nationally televised speech, Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, declaring the office extinct and ceding all its powers to Russian president Boris Yeltsin. At 7:32 pm that night, the Soviet flag was lowered for the last time in Moscow and the Russian tricolor raised in its place, symbolically marking the end to the Soviet Union and the independence of the eleven remaining Soviet republics.
16 Jan 1992 Chapultepec Peace Accords▲
In a United Nations-backed peace process, the Chapultepec Peace Accords were signed in Chapultepec Castle, Mexico City, between Salvadoran government, FMLN, and political parties, resulting in nine-month cease-fire in El Salvador and effective end of civil war.
5 Jun 1993-29 Dec 1996 Guatemalan Peace Agreements▲
Under the populist presidencies of Ramiro de León and Alvaro Arzu, the Guatemalan government cracked down on corruption and human rights abuses. Starting with León the peace process, now brokered by the United Nations, was strengthened. Between 1994 and 1996, peace deals were made between the government and the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (URNG), agreeing on human and indigenous rights and ultimately bringing a peaceful end to the Civil War.
1 Jan 1994 NAFTA formed▲
The North American Free Trade Agreement came into force in Canada, Mexico, and United States
1-12 Jan 1994 Zapatista uprising▲
Zapatista Army of National Liberation led an insurgency in Chiapas against the Mexican government, demanding rights in wake of NAFTA, but after 12 days a ceasefire was declared
23 Sep 1994-31 Mar 1995 Operation Uphold Democracy▲
In Operation Uphold Democracy, United Nations-backed United States forces persuaded the junta in Haiti to step down and accept US-led occupation of Haiti until democratic rule was restored