North America 1862: Battle of Shiloh
Moving through Kentucky down the Tennessee River, the US took the fight in the west to the Confederacy. In an attempt to prevent the Union from invading Mississippi, the Confederates launched a surprise attack on advanced columns at Shiloh, only to be beaten back when reinforcements arrived.
9 Jan 1862 British & French arrive in Mexico▲
British and French troops disembarked at Veracruz, Mexico.
6–16 Feb 1862 US takes Forts Henry & Donelson▲
Union forces under Ulysses S. Grant captured Forts Henry and Donelson, Tennessee, from the Confederacy.
8–9 Mar 1862 Battle of Hampton Roads▲
Union and Confederate ships clashed near Hampton Roads, Virginia, including the first fight between ironclads, the CSS Virginia and the USS Monitor. Although the Virginia was more heavily armed, the Monitor's movable turret proved a more efficient weapon.
13 Mar 1862 New Mexico Campaign▲
Confederate forces captured Santa Fe, capital of the New Mexico Territory.
17 Mar 1862 Peninsula Campaign begins▲
Hoping to move quickly and capture the Confederate capital at Richmond, 121,000 Union troops under General George B. McClellan landed on the Virginia peninsula.
26–28 Mar 1862 Battle of Glorieta Pass▲
Confederate forces pushed Union forces back through Glorieta Pass, New Mexico, but were forced to withdraw due to supply losses.
6–7 Apr 1862 Battle of Shiloh▲
The loss of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson led the Confederates to retreat back to Corinth, Mississippi, enabling the Union army under Ulysses S. Grant to capture a large area of eastern Tennessee, but also enabling the Confederates to regroup, attacking Grant at Pittsburg Landing. However, in the ensuing Battle of Shiloh, the much larger Union force prevailed.