North America 1864: Second Mexican Empire
Despite fierce opposition, France took Mexico City in 1863, backing the creation of a new Mexican Empire. Napoleon III's pick for Emperor was Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria, who accepted the crown and arrived in Mexico the following year.
9 Mar 1864 All Union armies placed under Grant▲
United States President Abraham Lincoln made Ulysses S. Grant commander of all Union armies.
10 Apr 1864 Maximilian accepts Mexican throne▲
Austrian Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian accepted the throne of the Emperor of Mexico.
4 May–20 Jul 1864 Atlanta Campaign▲
Union forces under General Sherman marched from Chattanooga, Tennessee, through Confederate-held territory to Atlanta, Georgia.
4 May–24 Jun 1864 Grant's Overland Campaign▲
Union forces under Ulysses S. Grant steadily marched towards Richmond despite multiple setbacks at the hands of the Confederates under Robert E. Lee.
26 May 1864 Montana Territory▲
The United States split the Montana Territory from the Idaho Territory, also transferring land to the Dakota Territory.
12 Jun 1864 Maximilian enters Mexico City▲
Maximilian I arrived in Mexico City 12 June to take up his reign as Emperor of Mexico.