North America 1861: Confederate States of America
The secession of South Carolina prompted the other Deep South states to follow suit and by early February six more states had left the Union. Meeting at Montgomery, Alabama, they agreed to form their own independent bloc - the Confederate States of America.
25 Dec 1860 Liberals enter Mexico City▲
Gonzalez Ortega's Liberal Mexican army made a triumphant entry into Mexico City.
9 Jan 1861 Mississippi secedes from US▲
The US state of Mississippi declared its secession from the Union, the second state to do so.
10 Jan 1861 Florida secedes from US▲
Having begun plans to secede as early as 1858, the government of Florida voted in favor of the Ordinance of Secession on 10 January. Governor Madison S. Perry then demanded that the US military withdraw from the state, but local militia were unable to remove union forces from Forts Jefferson, Pickens, or Taylor.
11 Jan 1861 Alabama secedes from US▲
The US state of Alabama declared its secession from the Union.
19 Jan 1861 Georgia secedes from US▲
The US state of Georgia declared its secession from the Union as the "Republic of Georgia."
26 Jan 1861 Louisiana secedes from US▲
The US state of Louisiana declared its secession from the Union.
29 Jan 1861 Kansas becomes US state▲
The Kansas Territory was admitted to US as the state of Kansas. Kansas had attempted to become a state since approving the Wyandotte Constitution, but the deadlock over slavery had made Congressional action impossible until the mass withdrawal of most lawmakers representing states that had seceded.
1 Feb 1861 Texas secedes from US▲
US state of Texas declared its secession from the United States.
4–9 Feb 1861 Confederacy formed▲
The secessionist US states of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, and Louisiana formed the Confederate States of America at the Congress of Montgomery.