North America 1861: First Battle of Bull Run
The attack on Fort Sumter aroused southern patriotism and encouraged Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee to declare for the Confederacy. With the accession of Virginia, the Confederate government moved to Richmond, a city dangerously close to Washington DC. In an attempt to end the war quickly, the Union marched south on the new Confederate capital but was brought to a halt at the First Battle of Bull Run.
17 Apr 1861 Virginia votes to secede▲
The Virginia convention voted to secede from the Union, pending ratification by the voters.
19 Apr 1861 Union blockade declared▲
United States President Abraham Lincoln ordered the US Navy to blockade the Confederate States of America.
6 May 1861 Arkansas secedes▲
Arkansas declared its secession from the Union.
16 May 1861 Kentucky declares neutrality▲
The Kentucky Legislature passed a resolution declaring the Commonwealth of Kentucky officially neutral in American Civil War.
20 May 1861 North Carolina secedes▲
North Carolina seceded from the Union and joined the Confederate States of America.
11 Jun 1861 Pro-Confederate Missouri governor flees▲
Missouri governor Claiborne Jackson and his government were evicted from St. Louis, Missouri, by 2nd Infantry Captain Lyon, after attempting to limit the Union presence.
24 Jun 1861 Tennessee secedes▲
Tennessee formally seceded from Union, following a June 8 referendum.
21 Jul 1861 Battle of Bull Run▲
The Union army under Irvin McDowell was repulsed by the Confederate army under P. G. T. Beauregard at Bull Run Creek, Virginia.