North America 1850: Compromise of 1850
With its population booming, California wanted to join the Union as a free state - naturally antagonizing the slave states. After lengthy debate, the Compromise of 1850 was agreed upon: California would be accepted as a free state and the newly created territories of Utah and New Mexico would be allowed to vote on the issue of slavery. Texas also agreed to abandon its substantial claims in the Mexican Cession in return for the payment of its debts.
3 Mar 1849 Minnesota Territory▲
The unorganized United States territory west of Wisconsin and north of Iowa was organized as theMinnesota Territory.
19 Apr 1850 Clayton-Bulwer Treaty▲
The United States of America, represented by John M. Clayton, and the United Kingdom, represented by Sir Henry Lytton Bulwer, signed a treaty agreeing that neither would obtain exclusive control of a proposed Nicaragua canal, and that both would guarantee the neutrality of the countries of Central America and any practicable communication routes passing through them.
9 Sep 1850 Compromise of 1850: Utah Territory▲
The north-eastern portion of the Mexican Cession, United States of America, was organized as the Utah Territory.
9 Sep 1850 Statehood for California▲
The western portion of the Mexican Cession was admitted to the United States of America as the state of California.
9 Sep 1850 Compromise of 1850: Texas▲
The state of Texas, United States of America, accepted a payment of $10 million in bonds from the federal government in return for abandoning its claim to the eastern half of New Mexico and unorganized territory north of the 36°30' parallel north.
9 Sep 1850 Compromise of 1850: New Mexico Territory▲
The south-eastern portion of the Mexican Cession, United States of America, was organized as the New Mexico Territory.