Russia 1917: Bolsheviks Gain Control
By December 1917, Lenin’s Bolsheviks controlled many of the major cities of Russia and the Republic had collapsed. Resistance was strongest amongst the various Cossack hosts, the Menshevik forces in Transcaucasia, and the independence movements among many of Russia’s ethnic minorities.
10-12 Nov 1917 Kerensky-Krasnov uprising▲
Kerensky attempts counter-revolution in Russia but defeated
11 Nov 1917 Transcaucasian Commissariat▲
The Transcaucasian Commissariat, headed by Georgian pro-Menshevik Social Democrat Nikolay Chkheidze, is established at Tblisi in response to what it considers the illegal seizure of power by the Bolsheviks in Petrograd. Still considering itself part of the now-defunct Russian Republic, the Commissariat temporarily unites Armenians, Georgians, and Azerbaijanis in one state.
15 Nov 1917 Bolsheviks capture Moscow▲
Bolsheviks capture Moscow
20 Nov 1917 Ukrainian People’s Republic▲
Ukrainian republic proclaimed