Northern Eurasia 1985: Soviet War in Afghanistan

In 1979, the Soviet Union intervened in Afghanistan to support its new communist government against Islamist rebels. The result was a costly nine year war which added resurgent Islam to Moscow’s long list of enemies.

Main Events

16 Jan 1979 Iranian Revolution

Shah Muhammed Reza Pahlavi forced to leave Iran after months of riotingin wikipedia

25 Dec 1979 Soviet Union begins invasion of Afghanistan in support of its Marxist government

Soviet Union begins invasion of Afghanistan in support of its Marxist governmentin wikipedia

31 Aug 1980-15 Dec 1981 Solidarity movement in Poland

Solidarity movement in Polandin wikipedia

22 Sep 1980 Iraq invades Iran

Iraq invades Iranin wikipedia

11 Mar 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev

Following the deaths in quick succession of Supreme Leaders Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov, and Konstantin Chernenko, the Politburo appointed its youngest member, Mikhail Gorbachev, as the new General Secretary.in wikipedia