Northern Eurasia 1985: Soviet War in Afghanistan
In 1979, the Soviet Union intervened in Afghanistan to support its new communist government against Islamist rebels. The result was a costly nine year war which added resurgent Islam to Moscow's long list of enemies.
16 Jan 1979 Iranian Revolution▲
Shah Muhammed Reza Pahlavi forced to leave Iran after months of rioting
25 Dec 1979 Soviet Union begins invasion of Afghanistan in support of its Marxist government▲
Soviet Union begins invasion of Afghanistan in support of its Marxist government
31 Aug 1980–15 Dec 1981 Solidarity movement in Poland▲
Solidarity movement in Poland
22 Sep 1980 Iraq invades Iran▲
Iraq invades Iran
11 Mar 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev▲
Following the deaths in quick succession of Supreme Leaders Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov, and Konstantin Chernenko, the Politburo appointed its youngest member, Mikhail Gorbachev, as the new General Secretary.