Northern Eurasia 1918: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
3 Mar 1918Treaty of Brest-Litovsk:
Soviets accept independence of
Finland, Estonia, Livonia, Courland,
Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine
On December 15, 1917, Lenin, desperate for peace and stability, signed an armistice with the Central Powers. This led to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, ratified March 6, whereby Soviet Russia agreed to cede the Ukraine, Poland, the Baltic states, Finland, and Transcaucasia.
Feb 1918 Government of Yakutia declares independence▲
Government of Yakutia declares independence
18 Feb–3 Mar 1918 Renewed German offensive on Russian front▲
Renewed German offensive on Russian front
3 Mar 1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk▲
Soviet Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire at Brest-Litovsk, Russia. The treaty ended Russia's participation in World War I and forced it to cede the Baltic States to Germany, to cede Kars to the Ottoman Empire, and to recognize the independence of Ukraine and Finland. Russia was also obliged to pay six billion German gold marks in reparations.
5 Mar 1918 Moscow replaces Petrograd as capital of Russia▲
Moscow replaces Petrograd as capital of Russia
14 Apr 1918 Germans take Helsingfors (Helsinki) from Red Finns▲
Germans take Helsingfors (Helsinki) from Red Finns