Northern Eurasia 2014: Donbass Rebellion
When Crimea acceded to the Russian Federation in March 2014, the US and its allies moved to support Ukraine by imposing sanctions on Russia. As the rift between Ukraine and Russia widened, pro-Russian unrest broke out across southern and eastern Ukraine. The movement was strongest in the southeastern Donbass region where separatist groups took power in Donetsk and Luhansk.
18 Mar 2014 Accession of Crimea to Russia▲
Following its occupation by Russia, the Crimean parliament and Sevastopol’s city council voted in favor of seceding from Ukraine and joining Russia. Following a referendum, on 17 March Crimea declared its independence as the Republic of Crimea and was annexed by the Russian Federation the following day. Sevastopol was annexed separately, but at the same time, as the Federal City of Sevastopol.
7 Apr 2014 Kharkov People’s Republic▲
Pro-Russian protestors in Kharkov, Ukraine, proclaimed a Kharkov People’s Republic, only to be suppressed later that day.
7 Apr 2014 Donetsk People’s Republic▲
Pro-Russian insurgents in Donetsk, Ukraine, proclaimed a Donetsk People’s Republic.
27 Apr 2014 Lugansk People’s Republic▲
Pro-Russian insurgents in Luhansk, Ukraine, proclaimed a Lugansk People’s Republic, but it was quickly suppressed by the Ukrainian government.
2 May 2014 Odessa Clashes▲
Pro-Russian activists skirmished with pro-Ukrainian demonstrators in Odessa, Ukraine.
5–25 Jun 2014 2014 Northern Iraq offensive▲
Daesh (the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham, a.k.a. ISIL) launched a major offensive in northern Iraq from its bases in Anbar, attacking Samarra on 5 June and seizing Mosul (10 June) and Tikrit (11 June). As Iraqi government forces fled south, Kurdish forces took control in Kirkuk and much of northern Iraq.