Northern Eurasia 1920: Creation of the Far Eastern Republic
On the night of April 4-5, Japanese retaliated for the Nikolayevsk Incident by assaulting Russian partisan positions in the Far East and installing a new government in Vladivostok. In response, the Russians declared a Far Eastern Republic at Verkhneudinsk. Nominally an independent state, it served as a buffer between Japan and Russia over the next few years.
4 Apr 1920 Wrangel takes command of Armed Forces of Southern Russia, renaming them as “Russian Army”▲
Wrangel takes command of Armed Forces of Southern Russia, renaming them as “Russian Army”
4–5 Apr 1920 Japanese offensive in Russian Far East▲
Japanese retaliate for Nikolayevsk Incident by assaulting Russian partisan positions in the Far East and installing a new government in Vladivostok
6 Apr 1920 Far Eastern Republic▲
A Constituent Assembly in Verkhneudinsk, far eastern Russia, proclaimed the establishment of the Far Eastern Republic. The new republic was supported and recognized by Soviet Russia as a convenient buffer state between itself and the Japanese forces in occupation of Vladivostok.
25 Apr 1920 Polish-Soviet War starts▲
Polish-Soviet War starts
28 Apr 1920 Azerbaijan Soviet Conciliar Republic▲
Local Bolsheviks, led by Mirza Davud and Nariman Narimanov, and invading Soviet Russian troops of the 11th Red Army force the capitulation of the government of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic. In its place, the Azerbaijan Soviet Conciliar Republic is declared.
18 May 1920 Soviets in Gilan▲
The Soviet Caspian Fleet enters the port of Anzali, in Gilan in northwest Persia, in pursuit of Russian vessels and ammunition taken there by the White Russian counter-revolutionary General Denikin, prompting the British garrison to evacuate to Manjil. On June 5, the Soviets support Mirza Kuchik Khan in establishing the Persian Socialist Soviet Republic in Gilan.