Northern Eurasia 1922: Creation of the Soviet Union
With foreign troops gone and revolt crushed everywhere except for the sparsely inhabited northeast, the Soviets were ready for the next step. On December 30, 1922, the First Congress of the Soviets of the USSR approved the Treaty of Creation of the USSR, which saw Soviet Russia united with the other Soviet republics in the west to form a single federal state, the Soviet Union.
4 Aug 1922–1923 Defeat of the Basmachi movement▲
Enver Pasha, leader of the rebel Basmachi movement (Bek) in the Ferghana Valley (in what will become Tajikistan), is killed in a cavalry charge against the invading Red Army of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. His successor, Selim Pasha, attempts to continue the struggle but is finally forced to flee to Afghanistan in 1923.
25 Oct 1922 Japanese troops withdraw from Vladivostok.▲
Japanese troops withdraw from Vladivostok.
14 Nov 1922 Soviet Russia annexes Far Eastern Republic.▲
Soviet Russia annexes Far Eastern Republic.
30 Dec 1922 Treaty on the Creation of the USSR▲
After approval by delegates from the Russian SFSR, the Transcaucasian SFSR, the Ukrainian SSR, and the Byelorussian SSR on 29 December, the first Congress of Soviets of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) signed the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR and the Declaration of the Creation of the USSR, uniting all four republics as the USSR or Soviet Union.