Northern Eurasia 1942: Battle of Stalingrad
The German attack on Stalingrad had begun in July 1942, but became bogged down. Then, in November, the Soviets launched a huge pincer attack, surrounding the German forces fighting in the city. Cut off from all help, the trapped Germans held on grimly until February when they finally surrendered.
23 Oct–11 Nov 1942 Second Battle of El Alamein▲
The British Eighth Army under General Bernard Montgomery launched an all-out attack on Axis forces west of El Alamein, Egypt. After several days of heated battle, the Allies mounted Operation Supercharge early on the morning of 2 November, breaking through the Italo-German defenses and sending them into flight. However, despite suffering up to 59,000 casualties to the Allies' 13,560, the Axis managed an orderly retreat under Field Marshal Erwin Rommel.
10–11 Nov 1942 Case Anton▲
In response to the Allied landings in Vichy French North Africa, Adolf Hitler ordered the occupation of Vichy France to prevent it or its fleet also falling into Allied hands. The Vichy Armistice Army offered little resistance and within a day German tanks had reached the Mediterranean coast, while Italy occupied Corsica. Although Vichy France objected to the violation of the armistice of 1940 and scuttled its fleet, it also disbanded its army and became a German puppet state under its Chief of State Philippe Pétain.
19–23 Nov 1942 Operation Uranus▲
Soviet offensive isolates German Sixth Army at Stalingrad