Northern Eurasia 1920: Nikolayevsk Incident
In January and February, communist partisans and their supporters overthrew the whites across the Russian Far East. However, this was a region that had fallen under Japanese military influence during the Allied Intervention. Initially the outnumbered Japanese garrisons accepted the new situation, but soon tensions led to conflict. On March 12, Japanese troops in Nikolayevsk attempted a surprise attack. The attack failed and a general massacre of the Japanese in the city ensued.
2 Feb 1920 Overthrow of the Khanate of Khiva▲
Invading Soviet forces, anti-monarchists, and Turkmen tribesmen force the abdication of Sayid Abdullah, last Kungrad khan of the Khanate of Khiva. In the place of the Khanate, the Khorezm People’s Soviet Republic is declared.
2 Feb 1920 Treaty of Tartu between Soviet Union and Estonia▲
Soviet Union recognizes Estonia’s independence
7 Feb 1920 Admiral Kolchak executed by Bolshevik firing squad in Irkutsk▲
Admiral Kolchak executed by Bolshevik firing squad in Irkutsk
7 Mar 1920 Provisional Government of Pribaikalia declared at Verkhneudinsk in Russian Far East.▲
Provisional Government of Pribaikalia declared at Verkhneudinsk in Russian Far East.
12 Mar 1920 Nikolayevsk Incident▲
Japanese troops in Nikolayevsk, Russian Far East, failed in a surprise attack against communist partisans, leading to a general massacre of the Japanese in the city.
13 Mar 1920 Soviets capture Murmansk▲
Soviets capture Murmansk