Northern Eurasia 1918: Bolshevik Russia
The Bolsheviks consolidated their hold over the former Russian Empire and declared the creation of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. Their main internal enemy was now the "White Movement", disparate Cossacks and soldiers allied with the Entente.
6 Dec 1917 Finnish Declaration of Independence▲
Citing the Bolsheviks' declaration of the right to self-determination, the newly-formed government of Finland declared independence from Russia.
15 Dec 1917 Brest-Litovsk Armistice▲
The Russian Soviet Republic, under the Bolsheviks, signs an armistice at Brest-Litovsk with Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire, ending operations on the Eastern Front. The armistice takes effect two days later, on 17 December.
9 Jan 1918 Creation of the Volunteer Army officially announced in opposition to the Bolsheviks▲
Creation of the Volunteer Army officially announced in opposition to the Bolsheviks
27 Jan 1918 Finnish Civil War▲
Finnish Civil War breaks out
28 Jan 1918 Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic▲
The Third All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers', Soldiers' and Peasants' Deputies in Petrograd, Russia, dissolves the Constituent Assembly and agrees to establish the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic on the basis of a free union of the peoples of Russia.